The 5-minute frequency domain method was used to examine the effects of polysomnography (PSG)-guided acute selective sleep deprivation (REM/SWS) on the cardiovascular autonomic nervous system, heart rate, and rhythm in healthy volunteers to understand the relationship between cardiac neuro regulatory homeostasis and cardiovascular system diseases in healthy subjects. The study included 30 healthy volunteers selected through the randomized-controlled method, randomly divided into REM sleep deprivation and SWS sleep deprivation groups. PSG analyses and dynamic electrocardiogram monitoring were done at night, during slow wave sleep or REM sleep. An all-night sleep paradigm, without any interruptions, was tested 3 times for comparison. The frequency domain parameter method was further used to monitor the volunteers 5 min before and after a period of sleep deprivation. According to the characteristics of the all-night sleep scatter plot, healthy volunteers were divided into abnormal and normal scatter plot groups. When compared with the period before sleep deprivation, high frequency (HF) and normalized high-frequency component (HFnu) were found to be decreased. Normalized low-frequency component (LFnu) increased in the abnormal scatter plot group after sleep deprivation, and this difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The scatter plot also showed that very low frequency (VLF) increased only in the normal group after deprivation and this difference, as well, was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The increase in diastolic blood pressure in the abnormal group was statistically significant (P < 0.05), but the change in blood pressure in the normal group was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). There are 62.5% of the patients and 20% of the employees that were observed to have abnormal whole-night sleep patterns during the uninterrupted whole-night sleep regime. Patients with atrial or ventricular premature beats (more than 0.1%), and those with ST-t changes during sleep, were all ascertained as abnormal. We concluded that some healthy people could face unstable autonomic nervous functioning related to their long-term tension, anxiety, time urgency, hostility, and other chronic stress states. In the face of acute sleep deprivation selectivity, mild stress based excitability of the vagus nerve is reduced, which diminishes the protective function, making them susceptible to conditions such as premature ventricular arrhythmia.
PSG; autonomic nervous system; healthy volunteers; heart rate variability; selective sleep deprivation.